Hair Colour Terms
HOW TO TALK TO YOUR COLOURIST: HAIRCOLOUR TERMS & DEFINITIONS1. Basecolour: Colour applied at the root area or all-over before a dimensional/creative colour technique is done.
2. Contrast: Contrast is a value applied to highlights. High-contrast highlights are much lighter than the surrounding hair and provide a dramatic look. Lower contrast highlights result in a more natural look.
3. Cool: Cool is a tonal value that can apply to blonde, brunette, and red shades. A colour is said to have “cool tones” if it tends toward blue, violet or green. Cool colours include platinum blondes, ash browns, and plum reds.
4. Coverage: Coverage is a measure of a haircolour’s ability to cover gray. Some haircolour formulations are too transparent to effectively cover gray hair. Redken Colour Gels Permanent Conditioning Haircolour provides exceptional gray coverage with resistance to fading.
5. Dimension: Dimension is a function of the range of tones in your hair. A head of hair that is all one colour is said to be “flat” or lacking dimension. Your stylist can add dimension to your hair with highlights or lowlights.
6. Double-process: A double-process colour refers to anytime two colour services are done in one visit. Generally this is done by doing the first colour service, washing and drying the hair, then doing the second colour. This can include lightening the hair then applying a toner, or doing a permanent colour followed by a glaze.
7. Express Highlights: Express Highlights are done by applying a small amount of foils or painted-on pieces, usually focused on framing the face.
8. Glaze: Glazes involve using a semi-permanent colour to enhance, enrich, change, match, tone down or intensify natural or colour-treated hair while harmonizing contrast.
9. Hair Painting: Hair Painting, also known as balayage, is the process of free-handing or sweeping hair colour, lightener or toner downwards in soft strokes directly on the surface of the desired section. This method is used to create dimension with a natural, softer look.
10. Highlights: Highlighting hair means isolating select strands in the hair and treating them with a haircolour or lightener to make them lighter than their base/natural colour. Highlights can add dimension by contrasting with the rest of the hair and are created with foils, a cap or special combs or brushes used for “painting on” the colour.
11. Lift: Lift is the chemical process of lightening the colour of the hair. Different haircolour formulations have different lifting abilities.
12. Lowlights: Lowlights are created by using colour with foils, caps, or painted on to darken specific pieces and create dimension. Generally low lights will be 2-3 levels darker than your basecolour and slightly warmer. This can be used for a more natural look or create accents within the hair.
13. Rebalancing: Rebalancing is the process of bringing the hair back into balance, and can be created with the combination of highlights and lowlights, and/or glazes.
14. Single-process: A single process refers to any colour service that is done in one step. This can be using a permanent colour that lifts and deposits, a glaze, highlights/lowlights without toning, or a creative colour service with only one process.
15. Texture: Texture, as defined by the diameter of an individual hair strand, is generally described as fine, medium, or coarse. Your stylist will factor in your hair’s texture when determining your best colour formulation.
16. Trend Pastel: Trend Pastel refers to the softened, lightened hues of colours such as red, purple, green, orange, yellow, or blue. Pastel tones of colour are meant as colourants and toning shades, and are best achieved when applied to very pale blonde hair to create for example pink, lavender, mint green tones.
17. Tone: Tone, in haircolouring, is the term used to describe a specific colour—”golden” blonde, “coppery” red, “ash” brown. Colours are divided into warm tones and cool tones.
18. Warm: Warm is a tonal value that can apply to blonde, brunette, and red shades. A colour is said to have “warm tones” if it tends toward yellow, orange or red. Warm colours include golden blondes, auburn brunettes, and coppery